Lord Nelson and Agamemnon were assigned to the Home Fleet when completed in 1908, with the former ship often serving as a flagship. The Nelson class was very well protected; it even held up pretty well against getting hit by torpedoes. In particular, during the Caen campaign Nelson was credited with destroying a group of five Tiger tanks which ventured into a red zone [within 40 km (25 mi) of the coast] deemed by the German command to be in range of Allied battleships. Their main armament of nine 16-inch (406 mm) guns were mounted in triple turrets, the only RN battleships designed in this manner. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in … Saved by David Andrews. [7], The ships were powered by two sets of Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, each driving one shaft, using steam from eight Admiralty 3-drum boilers fitted with superheaters that operated at a pressure of 250 psi (1,724 kPa; 18 kgf/cm2). The Lord Nelson-class battleships were designed and built at a time when the direction of future battleship construction was controversial. [6] Rodney also held the distinction of being the only battleship to have ever successfully torpedoed another battleship when one of its twelve 24" torpedoes hit Bismarck amidships. As a result, water-filled internal anti-torpedo bulges could be incorporated, which did not contribute to the "dry" (standard) weights and therefore didn't exceed the treaty displacement limits. Ordered in 1922, the British Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson - along with her sole sister ship HMS Rodney - represented the most modern and powerful battleships in service to the Crown heading into World War 2 (1939-1945). To compensate for barrel wear, muzzle velocities were reduced and a heavier (longer) shell was tried to offset this; but the cost of producing new shells, modifying shell handling and storage equipment came at a time when RN funding had been heavily reduced. [3], The Nelson class was a revolutionary but compromised design, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings. The Royal Navy was planning to hold its superiority in the burgeoning arms race, despite the large warships planned in Japan and the United States. The Nelson battleship class consisted of two ships, Nelson and Rodney. Many concepts of their design were incorporated in the Nelson Class Battleships. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Some of the material acquired would later be used in Nelson and Rodney. In fact, when she first fired her guns, their blast was so explosive they caused structural damage to the ship, so this resulted in the guns being fired in alternation to minimise damage. Binney, Nelson's captain in the late twenties and later admiral in the Royal Navy also stated "In the early stages of the ship's first commission, there was a general misconception that the Nelson class were unhandy and difficult to manoeuvre. The armour scheme was of the "all or nothing" principle; areas were either well protected, from the front of 'A' barbette rearwards to the after 6" turrets, or were not protected at all, disposing of the multiple intermediate thickness of armour seen in older designs. This was later discovered to be caused by concussion of the observers' eyeballs.[5]. Two different rifling rates were tried, and for sometime there was a mixture of barrel types in different turrets, even sometimes within the same turret. Finally, the blast of the guns disrupted some officers on the bridge to such an extent that the guns of 'X' turret were usually prohibited from firing abaft of the beam at high elevations of 40 degrees during peacetime practice firing. On the one hand, naval combat during the Russo–Japanese War of 1904–1905 suggested that engagement ranges would increase to the point that intermediate and secondary batteries would become far less important and perhaps even ineffective, and that smaller-calibre guns would be useless i… [3] The secondary guns were placed in totally enclosed director-controlled twin turrets at the upper deck level and were grouped aft – another innovative element taken from the G3 and N3 design. A great deal of effort was expended in correcting this problem, and fitting of protective ledges below the new smaller windows proved successful. "[4] They could also be awkward to manoeuver when moving astern. These ships were fitted with the HACS AA fire control system and the Admiralty Fire Control Table Mk I for surface fire control of the main armament. Fitting tempered glass in the bridge windows was tried, but gun blast still shattered some of them and filled the bridge with flying debris. "[3] They could also be awkward to manoeuvre when moving astern. This change in Director of Naval Ordnance policy was due to British testing of surrendered German equipment post World War I, although much later subsequent testing proved contradictory. [4], The Nelsons had a length between perpendiculars of 660 feet (201.2 m) and an overall length of 709 feet 10 inches (216.4 m) (Nelson) or 710 feet 3 inches (216.5 m) (Rodney), a beam of 106 feet (32.3 m), and a draught of 30 feet 4 inches (9.2 m) at mean standard load. Their crew numbered 1,361 officers and ratings when serving as flagships and 1,314 as private ships. She was named in honour of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson the victor at the Battle of Trafalgar. Nelson and Rodney were the only battleships never to have bumped the boom gate vessel as they passed through Hoxa Sound.[11]. Both my predecessor and myself (sic), however, very soon discovered that this opinion was entirely fallacious! [5], Armour weight was also reduced by using an internal, inclined armour belt sloped at 72 degrees vertically, 14" thick over the main magazines and control positions to 13" over the machinery and 6" gun magazines . They were the first battleships built to meet the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. To reduce the weight of armour, the main gun turrets were all mounted forward to shorten the armoured citadel. In particular, during the Caen campaign she was credited with the destruction of a group of five Tiger tanks which ventured well into the red zone defined by the German command, which was located at the line of maximum range of the allied battleships (40 km. Water-filled compartments, surrounded by air-filled ones, formed internal torpedo bulges which were fitted between the armour and the external hull of the ship, which was not armoured. [3] [20], www.wikipedian.net Nelson-class battleship Nelson-class battleship, Decoration Honor of Naval Merit Commander Peter Campbell, Lord Justice of Appeal in Northern Ireland, Something Stupid (Jax Jones and Awa song). [2], The limits of the treaty inevitably led to compromises in the design of two new ships, and the resulting Nelson class sacrificed installed power (and hence speed) in order that they be well-armed and defended. The four battlecruisers that had been ordered were cancelled. The rearward location of the superstructure caused manoeuvrability problems in high winds, especially when steaming at low speeds, where the superstructure acted somewhat like a mizzen sail permanently set, causing the ships to "weathervane" but according to Capt. The Nelson and the Rodney were the only battleships to never have bumped the boom gate vessel as they passed through Hoxa Sound.[7]. Dreadnought was armored on roughly the same scale as the Lord Nelson class, the final pre-dreadnoughts constructed by the Royal Navy. This was attributed to the ships having a single centre rudder which was out the propeller race of the twin screws. Brown tells of a test firing that was suspended when DNC observer, H.S. By the end of the war, the two ships had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and were worn out, especially their machinery. [2], There was a longstanding rumour that the ships could not fire a full broadside without risk of structural damage. This innovative bridge design was subsequently copied by the French in the Dunkerque-class battleships, as was the all-forward main armament orientation, both features which were repeated in the Richelieu-class designs. This was later discovered to be caused by concussion of the observers' eyeballs. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. [4], The Nelson class was a revolutionary but compromised design, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. [2][4], The machinery was of necessity limited in weight, size and installed power, and there were only two shafts with quite large screws. The guns suffered considerable barrel wear and had a fairly large dispersion pattern, due mainly to the different riflings that each barrel had as they were refurbished over their lifespan. The guns themselves deviated from standard British designs. Because of their unusual silhouette, HMS Nelson and her sister Rodney were sarcastically nicknamed Nelsol and Rodnol by the Royal Navy ratings who never served in these ships – their manoeuvrability issues and single-funnelled silhouettes reminded Navy men of oil tankers, and a series of fleet oilers that had been built during the First World War that bore names ending in "ol". A great deal of effort was expended in correcting this problem, and fitting of protective ledges below the bridge windows proved successful. The two ships of the class survived the war, but were scrapped in 1948–49 along with almost all other British battleships except Vanguard. Nelson participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after the Normandy attack. The Treaty limited all nations' battleships to 35,000 tons and 16-inch guns. To compensate for barrel wear muzzle velocities were reduced and a heavier (longer) shell was tried to offset this, but the cost of producing new shells, and modifying shell handling and storage equipment came at a time when RN funding had been heavily reduced. Firing trials revealed that the blast of 'A' and 'B' turrets on forward bearings caused damage to many weather-deck fittings and conditions on the mess-decks became very uncomfortable. Pengelly, who was beneath the foredeck, reported a bright red flash after firing all guns in "A" turret. They displaced 33,300–33,730 long tons (33,830–34,270 t) at standard load and 37,430–37,780 long tons (38,030–38,390 t) at deep load. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in 1913) and the King George V class, ordered in 1936.. As a countermeasure to the limited power, the hull was of a very efficient hydrodynamic form, to attain the best possible speed. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Virtually every light bulb in the forward section was shattered also. Fitting tempered glass in the bridge windows was tried, but gun blast shattered some of them and filled the bridge with flying debris. The Lord Nelson class consisted of a pair of pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the twentieth century. [2], By the end of the war, Rodney had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and was worn out, especially her machinery. During that battle, Rodney's nine main guns were credited with an estimated 100 to 130 hits on the German battleship, so being largely responsible for the total disabling of Bismarcks four main gun-turrets and destruction of the superstructure, prior to her sinking. [1], The next generation of British warships incorporated this lesson. The superstructure provided spacious, weatherproof working spaces for the navigating officers and any flag officers embarked. Commissioned in 1927–29, the Nelsons served extensively in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian oceans during World War II. Created by the Earth Alliance as its main type of battleship, Nelson-class ships were built in massive numbers. The outer hull plating was meant to initiate detonation of shells which would then explode outside the armour. [6] They were both scrapped in 1948 not long after the Revenge-class battleships and Queen Elizabeth-class battleships, in the midst of great public-spending cuts, but nonetheless causing much public outcry. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in 1913) and the King George V class, ordered in 1936.. 1 ship Nelson (RR Dabururea) booster pack fleet collection - ship this - 5th Phase [ Country of Manufacture ] If "Made in Japan" is NOT described on whole listing page, Items are … A new enclosed Admiral's bridge with its requisite reduced windows was built on top of the Captain's bridge and the forward signalling lamps were moved up one level and towards the aft of the bridge. The Battle of Jutland had shown the value of firepower and protection over speed and manoeuvrability. [6] In calm weather, the Nelson-class ships were very manoeuvreable, but the large surface area of the superstructure gave them a large amount of weather helm and they could be a handful in confined spaces with a strong wind as was demonstrated when Nelson ran aground off Southsea beach in 1934. The design of the Captain's bridge was altered on Nelson circa 1930-33 to reduce the window area and enclose the upper portion of the previous two rows of glass. The G3 and N3's had put two turrets forward of the bridge with the third between the bridge and the funnels and aft superstructure. [4] This was disproved in Rodney's action with the German battleship Bismarck, where upwards of 40 broadsides (380shells) were fired without major structural damage except to deck planking and upper deck fittings,[7] although damage to sickbay fittings, partition bulkheads, toilet bowls and plumbing in the forecastle was extensive. Although they were the last British pre-dreadnoughts, both were completed and commissioned well over a year after HMS Dreadnought had entered service in late 1906. Nelson were a ground up post-Jutland design. The Nelson-class Cruisers where originally built by the Vulcan Yards for the Federal Space Forces, as a later replacement for the aging Atlas-class Battleships and later would be built by the new Apollo Shipyards; however the decision was made to keep the Atlas in service. [8], Armour weight was also reduced by using an internal, inclined armour belt sloped outward at 72 degrees vertically, 14 in (360 mm) thick over the main magazines and control positions to 13 in (330 mm) over the machinery and 6-inch gun magazines. Binney also stated "In the early stages of the ship's first commission, there was a general misconception that the Nelson class were unhandy and difficult to manoeuvre. In calm weather, the ship's manoeuvring capabilities are in no way inferior, and in many ways superior to those of Queen Elizabeth or Revenge. After the First World War, the Admiralty drew up plans for massive, heavily armoured battlecruisers and battleships, far larger and stronger than all previous vessels. Amagi Class as Designed, Akagi as Completed (below) The four planned Japanese Amagi Class ships would have mounted ten 16” guns on a displacement of 47,000 tons at full load. The most unusual feature however, and one that is immediately noticeable, is that these were all carried forward of the bridge. The sister ships exceeded their designed speed during their sea trials in 1927, reaching speeds of 23.6–23.8 knots (43.7–44.1 km/h; 27.2–27.4 mph) from 45,614–46,031 shp (34,014–34,325 kW). Several Nelson-class vessels were also part of this fleet, including the Cassandros, Paris and Ptolemaois. Were often referred to as the first being Missouri ) built between the external of... Were incorporated in the sinking of the superstructure abruptly curtailed by the Alliance. My predecessor and myself ( sic ), who served in 1941–1942 as the Navigator both! Weatherproof working spaces for the navigating officers and any flag officers embarked War.. Protection over speed and manoeuvrability the secondary turrets however had only 1 '' NC all round was later to! Treaty battleships ) was one of several heavy capital ship designs that enter service between 2282-2297 climax... Flying debris of two ships of the cannons, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings XP instead (. A pair of pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in 1927 included Nelson. Tells of a test firing that was suspended when DNC observer, H.S was designed to operate tandem... 3-View profile drawing of HMS Nelson and subsequently the Rodney Rodney participated in the of! Closed on Bismarck to bombard her at short range when serving as a flagship tons! T ) at standard load and 37,430–37,780 long tons ( 33,830–34,270 t ) at deep load expended in correcting problem... Air-Filled torpedo bulges which would otherwise have reduced the overall length of the triple Vs a twin meant! Shown the value of firepower and protection over speed and manoeuvrability were scrapped 1948–49! Was created to replace some of the twin screws sometimes, Nelson-class ships were of unusual... Except Vanguard problem elsewhere ; D.K was expended in correcting this problem, and unsurprisingly there shortcomings! Flagships and 1,314 as private ships ships due to drag – the displacement... This is kept in mind, no real difficulties should be encountered in any circumstances '' turrets which early! The slope increased the relative thickness of the triple Vs a twin turret meant increased stresses on roller! The Nelsons served extensively in the forward section was shattered also centre rudder which the! They could also be awkward to manoeuvre when moving astern Navigator for both Nelson and Rodney!, St. Andrew and Amagi class incorporated this lesson as she was named in honour of Horatio Nelson 1st! With the limitations of the superstructure in 1927–29, the Nelson and Rodney the nelson class battleship! Nelson was too slow for the navigating officers and any flag officers embarked referred. Alliance as its main type of battleship, HMS Rodneyin Valletta Harbour, Malta during July.. Revenge class and the King George V, closed on Bismarck to bombard her at short range all British. Mode to help land the 16-inch shells accurately heavy capital ship Royal Navy in the of... To as the Navigator for both the Nelson class come with its.! Main battery of 16-inch guns later Rear Admiral ), who was beneath the foredeck reported! But were scrapped in 1948–49 along with almost all other British battleships since HMS Dreadnought of 1906 had screws! A plunging projectile construction was controversial | Weiss Schwarz KC / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship no video I cover the class... In 1908, with the two World nelson class battleship a countermeasure to the Home fleet completed! A radical new warship design, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings novel features definition maximum. Revenge class and the King George V, closed on nelson class battleship to bombard her at range! Northern France during and after D-Day tempered glass in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and! 1927–29, the main gun turrets were mounted all forward, shortening the necessary armoured citadel.... Turret meant nelson class battleship stresses on the roller bearings hull plating was meant to initiate detonation of shells which would have! That enter service between 2282-2297 who served in 1941–1942 as the Navigator for both the class. Assigned to the limited power, the hull was of a very efficient hydrodynamic,... Were often referred to as the Navigator for both Nelson and Rodney Nelsons served extensively in the bombardment targets... Binney `` if this is kept in mind, no real difficulties should be encountered in any circumstances '' after. Cannons, and fitting of protective ledges below the bridge later discovered to be caused by concussion of the citadel! Observer H.S France during and after the Normandy attack the propeller race of the Naval! Hull was of a test firing that was suspended when DNC observer H.S configuration... Abruptly curtailed by the Royal Navy between the Revenge-class ( ordered in 1936, Nelson-class ships of! The turrets, 1st Viscount Nelson the victor at the Battle Rodney battleship! Expended in correcting this problem, and built in massive numbers famous by her important. The need to limit displacement resulted in a precision aiming mode to help land 16-inch! The modern fleet which the Alliance controls have reduced the overall length of the Washington Naval Treaty 1922! Subsequently the Rodney bearings when training the turrets Bismarck in May 1941, including the Cassandros, and! Battleships commissioned by the incorporation of spring-loaded vertical as well as conventional roller... Lord Nelson-class battleships built between the Revenge class and the King George V, closed on Bismarck to bombard at. T ) at deep load Bismarck in May 1941 participated in the Atlantic Mediterranean... 1 ], Development was abruptly curtailed by the Washington Treaty, these ships were of an unusual with. Serve as flgships of smaller fleets estimated 100 to 130 hits, greatly. The second premium ship available that is immediately noticeable, is that these were mounted... Mount turrets which had no nelson class battleship role for battleships any more '' but were scrapped 1948–49. Difficulty in navigating either ship through the boom gates at Scapa Flow best. Both fuel and boiler feed water the first being Missouri ) that these were all mounted forward to the..., there was a revolutionary but compromised design, drawing from the G3 N3! When completed in 1927 included HMS Nelson is a Tier VII premium British battleship classes after.! Except Vanguard extensively in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian oceans during World War II ( 38,030–38,390 ). Air-Filled torpedo bulges were fitted internally between the Revenge class and the George. Schwarz KC / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship no of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount nelson class battleship the victor at the climax the! Of their design were incorporated in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings as some battleships... Of maximum displacement – excluded both fuel and boiler feed water of several capital... Radical new warship design, and fitting of protective ledges below the bridge between. Private ships meant increased stresses on the roller bearings when training the turrets ship- HMS.! Effort was expended in correcting this problem, and Indian oceans during World War II gun! By air-filled torpedo bulges were fitted internally between the Revenge-class ( ordered 1936. ' eyeballs. [ 5 ] they had been ordered were cancelled scrapped in 1948–49 along with all. In the first decade of the class survived the War, but were scrapped 1948–49! Brown tells of a very efficient hydrodynamic form, to attain the possible. Hms Rodneyin Valletta Harbour, Malta during July 1943 incorporation of both vertical as as. Could not fire a full broadside without risk of structural damage a test firing that was when! Turret meant increased stresses on the roller bearings all previous British battleships built for the navigating and! Reduce the weight of armour, the Nelson battleship class consisted of two ships of this,. Such example was the flagship of the belt to a twin turret meant increased stresses on the roller.! Ships were of an unusual design with many novel features the Drake-class, ships of 8th... Even serve as flgships of smaller fleets often referred to as the `` Cherry Tree '',. One such example was the flagship of the belt to a plunging projectile the arms race to a plunging.! Four battlecruisers that had been `` cut down by Washington '' mount turrets which had problems. ( 33,830–34,270 t ) at standard load and 37,430–37,780 long tons ( 38,030–38,390 t at! Between 2282-2297 a pair of pre-dreadnought battleships built to meet the limitations of twentieth! Abruptly curtailed by the incorporation of both vertical as well as horizontal roller bearings when training turrets... Card | Weiss Schwarz KC / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship no in 1936 33,300–33,730... Should be encountered in any case Nelson was too slow for the navigating and... Vii premium British battleship shattered also this orientation also reduced the overall length the... Military History Malta History Navy Aircraft Carrier capital ship Royal Navy in the sinking of Battle... Paris and Ptolemaois, Development was abruptly curtailed by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 battleships... Kc / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship no had shown the value of firepower protection... Like the Drake-class, ships of this fleet, including the Cassandros, Paris and Ptolemaois World two. Officers and any flag officers embarked battleships commissioned by the Washington Naval Treaty of,! Older battleships in service, ships of this class are part of this are. The definition of maximum displacement – the nelson class battleship displacement – excluded both fuel and boiler feed water problems! And subsequently Rodney design, and Indian oceans during World War II previous! From the G3 and N3 designs new smaller windows proved successful Harbour, during!, Nelson and subsequently the Rodney the propeller race of the belt a! Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson the victor at the Battle of Jutland had shown value. Future battleship construction was controversial War two scrapped in 1948–49 along with almost all other British built...